Title: The Republic of Austria

Population: 8,884,864

Population Change: 0.57

National Average Age: 43

Urban Percentage: 57

Christian Population: 5,940,000

Christian Percentage: 67.3

Introduction: Austria is a German-speaking country in Central Europe characterized by mountain villages baroque architecture Imperial history and rugged Alpine terrain. Vienna its Danube River capital is home to the Schönbrunn and Hofburg palaces. It has counted Mozart Strauss and Freud among its residents. The country’s other notable regions include the northern Bohemian Forest Traunsee Lake and eastern hillside vineyards.

Overview: Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945 Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation recognized Austria's independence and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's \"perpetual neutrality\" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the EU in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous democratic country Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.