Title: The Federal Republic of Germany
Population Change: 0.32
National Average Age: 46
Urban Percentage: 76
Christian Population: 46,600,000
Christian Percentage: 56.1
Introduction: Germany is a Western European country with a landscape of forests rivers mountain ranges and North Sea beaches. It has over 2 millennia of history. Berlin its capital is home to art and nightlife scenes the Brandenburg Gate and many sites relating to WWII. Munich is known for its Oktoberfest and beer halls including the 16th-century Hofbräuhaus. Frankfurt with its skyscrapers houses the European Central Bank.
Overview: As Europe's largest economy and second most populous nation (after Russia) Germany is a key member of the continent's economic political and defense organizations. European power struggles immersed Germany in two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century and left the country occupied by the victorious Allied powers of the US UK France and the Soviet Union in 1945. With the advent of the Cold War two German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key western economic and security organizations the EC which became the EU and NATO while the communist GDR was on the front line of the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. The decline of the USSR and the end of the Cold War allowed for German unification in 1990. Since then Germany has expended considerable funds to bring eastern productivity and wages up to western standards. In January 1999 Germany and 10 other EU countries introduced a common European exchange currency the euro.