Title: The Republic of Ghana


Population: 32,372,889

Population Change: 2.15

National Average Age: 22

Urban Percentage: 57

Christian Population: 19,300,000

Christian Percentage: 71.2

Introduction: Ghana a nation on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea is known for diverse wildlife old forts and secluded beaches such as at Busua. Coastal towns Elmina and Cape Coast contain posubans (native shrines) colonial buildings and castles-turned-museums that serve as testimonials to the slave trade. North of Cape Coast vast Kakum National Park has a treetop-canopy walkway over the rainforest.


Overview: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992 RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS won the 2008 presidential election and took over as head of state but he died in July 2012 and was constitutionally succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA who subsequently won the December 2012 presidential election.

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