Title: The Principality of Liechtenstein

Population: 39,425

Population Change: 0.29

National Average Age:

Urban Percentage: 15

Christian Population: 30,000

Christian Percentage: 84.4

Introduction: Liechtenstein is a German-speaking 25km-long principality between Austria and Switzerland. It’s known for its medieval castles alpine landscapes and villages linked by a network of trails. The capital Vaduz a cultural and financial center is home to Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein with galleries of modern and contemporary art. The Postmuseum displays Liechtenstein’s postage stamps.

Overview: The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic Wars it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I it was closely tied to Austria but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral) the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000 shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However Liechtenstein implemented anti-money laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.