Title: The Republic of Malta

Population: 460,891

Population Change: 0.27

National Average Age: 43

Urban Percentage: 93

Christian Population: 400,000

Christian Percentage: 91.6

Introduction: 'Malta is an archipelago in the central Mediterranean between Sicily and the North African coast. It''s a nation known for historic sites related to a succession of rulers including the Romans Moors Knights of Saint John French and British. It has numerous fortresses megalithic temples and the Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum a subterranean complex of halls and burial chambers dating to circa 4000 B.C.'

Overview: Great Britain formally acquired Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both world wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964; a decade later it declared itself a republic. Since about the mid-1980s the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point a financial center and a tourist destination while its key industries moved toward more service-oriented activities. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began using the euro as currency in 2008.