Title: The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Population: 1,221,047

Population Change: 0.32

National Average Age: 36

Urban Percentage: 52

Christian Population: 774,000

Christian Percentage: 57.6

Introduction: Trinidad and Tobago is a dual-island Caribbean nation near Venezuela with distinctive Creole traditions and cuisines. Trinidad’s capital Port of Spain hosts a boisterous carnival featuring calypso and soca music. Numerous bird species inhabit sanctuaries such as the Asa Wright Nature Centre. The smaller island of Tobago is known for its beaches and the Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve which shelters hummingbirds.

Overview: First colonized by the Spanish the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917 which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism mostly in Tobago is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.