Title: The Republic of Uzbekistan
Population Change: 1.48
National Average Age: 28
Urban Percentage: 50
Christian Population: 710,000
Christian Percentage: 2.6
Introduction: 'Uzbekistan is a Central Asian nation and former Soviet republic. It''s known for its mosques mausoleums and other sites linked to the Silk Road the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Samarkand a major city on the route contains a landmark of Islamic architecture: the Registan a plaza bordered by 3 ornate mosaic-covered religious schools dating to the 15th and 17th centuries.'
Overview: Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era intensive production of \"white gold\" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991 upon the dissolution of the USSR the country has gradually lessened its dependence on the cotton monoculture by diversifying agricultural production while developing its mineral and petroleum export capacity and increasing its manufacturing base. Uzbekistan’s first president Islom KARIMOV led Uzbekistan for 25 years until his death in August 2016. The political transition to his successor then-Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV was peaceful but sidelined the constitutional process where the chairman of the Senate would have served as the acting president. MIRZIYOYEV who won the presidential election in December 2016 has sought to improve relations with Uzbekistan’s neighbors and proposed wide-ranging economic and judicial reforms.