Türkçe (noun, adverb)
Türk dili (noun)
Pronounce [ˈtyɾctʃe] (About this soundlisten)
Country Turkey (official), Northern Cyprus (official), Cyprus (official), Azerbaijan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Region Anatolia, Balkans, Cyprus, Mesopotamia, Levant, Transcaucasia
Ethnicity Turkish people
75.7 million (2002–2018)
88 million (L1 + L2)
Early Forms
Istanbul Turkish
Latin (Turkish alphabet)
Turkish Braille
AreaWidespread in Turkey as L1 or L2. Also in Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Romania, Russian Federation (Asia), Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan.
Language Sites
ISO 639-1 tr
ISO 639-2 tur
ISO 639-3 tur
Glottolog nucl1301
Map of Turkish Language.png
  Countries where Turkish is an official language
  Countries where it is recognized as a minority language
  Countries where it is recognized as a minority language and co-official in at least one municipality
Type Date Title Vernacular ID Links