Breton
brezhoneg
Side of a stone building next to a stream; low stone wall in the foreground has a sign reading "Mill of Chaos" in both Breton and French: "Meilh ar C'hlegr" and "Moulin du Chaos"
Bilingual sign in Huelgoat, Brittany
Pronounce [bʁeˈzõːnɛk], [brəhõˈnek]
Country France
Region Brittany (including Loire-Atlantique)
Ethnicity Bretons
Speakers
210,000 in Brittany (2018)
16,000 in Île-de-France
(Number includes students in bilingual education)
Family
Dialects Gwenedeg
Kerneveg
Leoneg
Tregerieg
Writing
Latin script
AreaWest Brittany; dispersed in East Brittany. Also in United States.
Language Sites
ISO 639-1 br
ISO 639-2 bre
ISO 639-3 Variously:
bre – Modern Breton
xbm – Middle Breton
obt – Old Breton
Linguistic
xbm Middle Breton
  obt Old Breton
Glottolog bret1244
Map showing numbers of Breton speakers by pays (county) within Brittany, with higher numbers in the westernmost counties, decreasing eastward
Regional distribution of Breton speakers (2004)
Type Date Title Vernacular ID Links