Southern Min
閩南語 / 闽南语
Koa-a books, Minnan written in Chinese characters
Country Mainland China, Taiwan
Region Fujian Province; the Chaozhou-Shantou (Chaoshan) area and Leizhou Peninsula in Guangdong Province; extreme south of Zhejiang Province; much of Hainan Province (if Hainanese or Qiongwen is included) and most of Taiwan as well as Penang, Melaka, Singapore and Sumatra
Ethnicity Hoklo people
Teochew people
Hainanese people
48 million (2020)
Chinese characters, Latin
AreaSouth Fujian, Guangdong, south Hainan Island, south Zhejiang, south Jiangxi provinces. Xiamen in south Fujian, Jiangxi, and Taiwan; Hainan in Hainan; Leizhou on Leizhou peninsula of southwest Guangdong; Chao-Shan in far east corner of Guangdong in Chaozhou-Shantou area; Longdu is a dialect island around Zhongshan City and Shaxi in Guangdong south of Guangzhou; Zhenan Min in southeast Zhejiang Province around Pingyang and Cangnan and on Zhoushan archipelago of northeast Zhejiang. Also in Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia (Java and Bali), Malaysia (Peninsular), Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, United States.
Language Sites
ISO 639-3 nan
Glottolog minn1241
Min dialect map.svg
  Southern Min in China and Taiwan
Subgroups of Southern Min in China and Taiwan
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 闽南语
Traditional Chinese 閩南語
Literal meaning "Language of Southern Min [Fujian]"
Type Date Title Vernacular ID Links