Pronounce [espaˈɲol], [kast̪eˈʎano]
Region Spain, Hispanic America, Equatorial Guinea (see below)
Ethnicity Hispanics
483 million native speakers (2019)
75 million L2 speakers and speakers with limited capacity + 22 million students
Early Forms
Latin (Spanish alphabet)
Spanish Braille
Sign Lang.
Signed Spanish (Mexico, Spain and presumably elsewhere)
AreaCentral, south; Canary Islands. Also in Andorra, Anguilla, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, U.S. Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Language Sites
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Glottolog stan1288
Detailed SVG map of the Hispanophone world.svg
  Official language
  Co-official with indigenous languages
  Cultural or secondary language (more than 20% Spanish speakers or large cultural influence)
Type Date Title Vernacular ID Links