Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country located in East Africa. The official languages are Kinyarwanda, English, and French, while Swahili is also used in commercial and administrative contexts. As of 2021, Kinyarwanda, a Bantu language, is spoken by the majority of the population as their first language and serves as the primary language for government administration, formal education, and nationwide communication. English and French are widely spoken as second languages, with English becoming increasingly prominent in recent years. Following the 1994 genocide, the Rwandan government decided to switch the language of instruction in schools from French to English, resulting in a growing number of English speakers.